A General Introduction To Technical Fabrics
Apart from clothing, fabrics are used for a variety of purposes all around the world, including physical defense, interior design (such as curtains, carpets, etc.), and transportation (such as ships and cars). However, as the needs of the world change, the quality of fabrics needs to be updated in line with the requirements. Manufacturers today use a variety of technologies to create technical fabrics. Due to the specific application of chemical and mechanical properties, tech fabric manufacturing is different from regular textile production. Many businesses today exclusively use these unique fabrics due to their flame retardant, UV-protection, anti-static, and stain or water-repellent features.
What are Technical fabrics?
Technical fabrics, also known as technical textiles, are specially engineered fabrics that are designed to suit specific needs that cannot be met by standard textiles or fabrics. These fabrics are exclusively designed for protection against the elements, severe surroundings, intense firefights, and excessive physical activity (exercise or sports). Technical fabrics mix various synthetic fibers with unique properties (such as Kevlar for bulletproof vests) and chemical finishes. Technical fabrics are primarily designed for non-aesthetic purposes with functional requirements such as.
Tech fabrics offer a variety of applications in thermal insulation. To increase materials’ thermal insulation, many tech fabric manufacturing companies have incorporated various techniques. Nonwoven fabric is one of them. It is a specific technical fabric with a thin layer of the fibrous structure. Its composition reduces the overall weight and absorbs external pressure. It has an insulation temperature range of -196°C to 1600°C and can be used for tents, soundproofing, and body protective gear.
Smoke and Fire Protection
Another common application for technical fabrics is protective clothing or accessories. This type of clothing not only covers the body like a piece of regular fabric and can protect the wearer from external elements, dangerous toxic materials, and high-impact actions. Kitchen gloves are also made of technical fabrics. This protects the hands from being burnt while touching a hot pizza pan out of the microwave. Technical materials are fire redundant and protect the skin from burning. This is why technical fabrics are chosen for firefighters’ protective gear.
It’s essential to select the suitable fabric to cover the surroundings or walls to make any classroom, theater, home, or office soundproof. While ordinary fabrics have sound-absorbing qualities, soundproofing sheets made of technical fabrics are lightweight, inexpensive, and have a porous structure that not only absorbs sound but also makes the surroundings acoustic.
Modern technology gave birth to technical fabrics. To design technical fabrics for both commercial and non-commercial use, different tech fabric manufacturing companies are currently using various techniques. These fabrics have several qualities that not only keep the wearer safe from fire and other dangers but also keep their surroundings warm, bacterium-free, and soundproof. Technical fabrics are a cost-effective and ideal answer to any functional demands. Some other uses of technical fabrics are medical bedding textiles, upholstery and seat covers, airplane seats, tents, etc.